Source code for astroplan.scheduling

# Licensed under a 3-clause BSD style license - see LICENSE.rst
Tools for scheduling observations.

from __future__ import (absolute_import, division, print_function,

import copy
from abc import ABCMeta, abstractmethod

import numpy as np

from astropy import units as u
from astropy.time import Time
from astropy.table import Table

from .utils import time_grid_from_range, stride_array
from .constraints import AltitudeConstraint, AirmassConstraint
from .target import get_skycoord

__all__ = ['ObservingBlock', 'TransitionBlock', 'Schedule', 'Slot', 'Scheduler',
           'SequentialScheduler', 'PriorityScheduler', 'Transitioner', 'Scorer']

[docs]class ObservingBlock(object): """ An observation to be scheduled, consisting of a target and associated constraints on observations. """ @u.quantity_input(duration=u.second) def __init__(self, target, duration, priority, configuration={}, constraints=None): """ Parameters ---------- target : `~astroplan.FixedTarget` Target to observe duration : `~astropy.units.Quantity` exposure time priority : integer or float priority of this object in the target list. 1 is highest priority, no maximum configuration : dict Configuration metadata constraints : list of `~astroplan.constraints.Constraint` objects The constraints to apply to this particular observing block. Note that constraints applicable to the entire list should go into the scheduler. """ = target self.duration = duration self.priority = priority self.configuration = configuration self.constraints = constraints self.start_time = self.end_time = None = None def __repr__(self): orig_repr = object.__repr__(self) if self.start_time is None or self.end_time is None: return orig_repr.replace('object at', '({0}, unscheduled) at' .format( else: s = '({0}, {1} to {2}) at'.format(, self.start_time, self.end_time) return orig_repr.replace('object at', s) @property def constraints_scores(self): if not (self.start_time and self.duration): return None # TODO: setup a way of caching or defining it as an attribute during scheduling elif return {constraint: constraint(,, times=[self.start_time, self.start_time + self.duration]) for constraint in self.constraints} @classmethod
[docs] def from_exposures(cls, target, priority, time_per_exposure, number_exposures, readout_time=0 * u.second, configuration={}, constraints=None): duration = number_exposures * (time_per_exposure + readout_time) ob = cls(target, duration, priority, configuration, constraints) ob.time_per_exposure = time_per_exposure ob.number_exposures = number_exposures ob.readout_time = readout_time return ob
[docs]class Scorer(object): """ Returns scores and score arrays from the evaluation of constraints on observing blocks """ def __init__(self, blocks, observer, schedule, global_constraints=[]): """ Parameters ---------- blocks : list of `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects list of blocks that need to be scored observer : `~astroplan.Observer` the observer schedule : `~astroplan.scheduling.Schedule` The schedule inside which the blocks should fit global_constraints : list of `~astroplan.Constraint` objects any ``Constraint`` that applies to all the blocks """ self.blocks = blocks = observer self.schedule = schedule self.global_constraints = global_constraints self.targets = get_skycoord([ for block in self.blocks])
[docs] def create_score_array(self, time_resolution=1*u.minute): """ this makes a score array over the entire schedule for all of the blocks and each `~astroplan.Constraint` in the .constraints of each block and in self.global_constraints. Parameters ---------- time_resolution : `~astropy.units.Quantity` the time between each scored time Returns ------- score_array : `~numpy.ndarray` array with dimensions (# of blocks, schedule length/ ``time_resolution`` """ start = self.schedule.start_time end = self.schedule.end_time times = time_grid_from_range((start, end), time_resolution) score_array = np.ones((len(self.blocks), len(times))) for i, block in enumerate(self.blocks): # TODO: change the default constraints from None to [] if block.constraints: for constraint in block.constraints: applied_score = constraint(,, times=times) score_array[i] *= applied_score for constraint in self.global_constraints: score_array *= constraint(, self.targets, times, grid_times_targets=True) return score_array
[docs] def from_start_end(cls, blocks, observer, start_time, end_time, global_constraints=[]): """ for if you don't have a schedule/ aren't inside a scheduler """ dummy_schedule = Schedule(start_time, end_time) sc = cls(blocks, observer, dummy_schedule, global_constraints) return sc
[docs]class TransitionBlock(object): """ Parameterizes the "dead time", e.g. between observations, while the telescope is slewing, instrument is reconfiguring, etc. """ def __init__(self, components, start_time=None): """ Parameters ---------- components : dict A dictionary mapping the reason for an observation's dead time to `~astropy.units.Quantity` objects with time units start_time : `~astropy.units.Quantity` Start time of observation """ self._components = None self.duration = None self.start_time = start_time self.components = components def __repr__(self): orig_repr = object.__repr__(self) comp_info = ', '.join(['{0}: {1}'.format(c, t) for c, t in self.components.items()]) if self.start_time is None or self.end_time is None: return orig_repr.replace('object at', ' ({0}, unscheduled) at'.format(comp_info)) else: s = '({0}, {1} to {2}) at'.format(comp_info, self.start_time, self.end_time) return orig_repr.replace('object at', s) @property def end_time(self): return self.start_time + self.duration @property def components(self): return self._components @components.setter def components(self, val): duration = 0*u.second for t in val.values(): duration += t self._components = val self.duration = duration @classmethod @u.quantity_input(duration=u.second)
[docs] def from_duration(cls, duration): # for testing how to put transitions between observations during # scheduling without considering the complexities of duration tb = TransitionBlock({'duration': duration}) return tb
[docs]class Schedule(object): """ An object that represents a schedule, consisting of a list of `~astroplan.scheduling.Slot` objects. """ # as currently written, there should be no consecutive unoccupied slots # this should change to allow for more flexibility (e.g. dark slots, grey slots) def __init__(self, start_time, end_time, constraints=None): """ Parameters ----------- start_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The starting time of the schedule; the start of your observing window. end_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The ending time of the schedule; the end of your observing window constraints : sequence of `~astroplan.constraints.Constraint` s these are constraints that apply to the entire schedule """ self.start_time = start_time self.end_time = end_time self.slots = [Slot(start_time, end_time)] = None def __repr__(self): return ('Schedule containing ' + str(len(self.observing_blocks)) + ' observing blocks between ' + str(self.slots[0].start.iso) + ' and ' + str(self.slots[-1].end.iso)) @property def observing_blocks(self): return [slot.block for slot in self.slots if isinstance(slot.block, ObservingBlock)] @property def scheduled_blocks(self): return [slot.block for slot in self.slots if slot.block] @property def open_slots(self): return [slot for slot in self.slots if not slot.occupied]
[docs] def to_table(self, show_transitions=True, show_unused=False): # TODO: allow different coordinate types target_names = [] start_times = [] end_times = [] durations = [] ra = [] dec = [] config = [] for slot in self.slots: if hasattr(slot.block, 'target'): start_times.append(slot.start.iso) end_times.append(slot.end.iso) durations.append( target_names.append( ra.append( dec.append( config.append(slot.block.configuration) elif show_transitions and slot.block: start_times.append(slot.start.iso) end_times.append(slot.end.iso) durations.append( target_names.append('TransitionBlock') ra.append('') dec.append('') changes = list(slot.block.components.keys()) if 'slew_time' in changes: changes.remove('slew_time') config.append(changes) elif slot.block is None and show_unused: start_times.append(slot.start.iso) end_times.append(slot.end.iso) durations.append( target_names.append('Unused Time') ra.append('') dec.append('') config.append('') return Table([target_names, start_times, end_times, durations, ra, dec, config], names=('target', 'start time (UTC)', 'end time (UTC)', 'duration (minutes)', 'ra', 'dec', 'configuration'))
[docs] def new_slots(self, slot_index, start_time, end_time): """ Create new slots by splitting a current slot. Parameters ---------- slot_index : int The index of the slot to split start_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The start time for the slot to create end_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The end time for the slot to create Returns ------- new_slots : list of `~astroplan.scheduling.Slot` s The new slots created """ # this is intended to be used such that there aren't consecutive unoccupied slots new_slots = self.slots[slot_index].split_slot(start_time, end_time) return new_slots
[docs] def insert_slot(self, start_time, block): """ Insert a slot into schedule and associate a block to the new slot. Parameters ---------- start_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The start time for the new slot. block : `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` The observing block to insert into new slot. Returns ------- slots : list of `~astroplan.scheduling.Slot` objects The new slots in the schedule. """ # due to float representation, this will change block start time # and duration by up to 1 second in order to fit in a slot for j, slot in enumerate(self.slots): if ((slot.start < start_time or abs(slot.start-start_time) < 1*u.second) and (slot.end > start_time + 1*u.second)): slot_index = j if (block.duration - self.slots[slot_index].duration) > 1*u.second: raise ValueError('longer block than slot') elif self.slots[slot_index].end - block.duration < start_time: start_time = self.slots[slot_index].end - block.duration if abs((self.slots[slot_index].duration - block.duration)) < 1 * u.second: # slot duration is very similar to block duration. # force equality so block fits block.duration = self.slots[slot_index].duration start_time = self.slots[slot_index].start end_time = self.slots[slot_index].end elif abs(self.slots[slot_index].start - start_time) < 1*u.second: # start time of block is very close to slot start time # force equality to avoid tiny gaps start_time = self.slots[slot_index].start end_time = start_time + block.duration elif abs(self.slots[slot_index].end - start_time - block.duration) < 1*u.second: # end time is very close to slot end time # force equality to avoid tiny gaps end_time = self.slots[slot_index].end else: end_time = start_time + block.duration if isinstance(block, ObservingBlock): # TODO: make it shift observing/transition blocks to fill small amounts of open space block.end_time = start_time+block.duration earlier_slots = self.slots[:slot_index] later_slots = self.slots[slot_index+1:] block.start_time = start_time new_slots = self.new_slots(slot_index, start_time, end_time) for new_slot in new_slots: if new_slot.middle: new_slot.occupied = True new_slot.block = block self.slots = earlier_slots + new_slots + later_slots return earlier_slots + new_slots + later_slots
[docs] def change_slot_block(self, slot_index, new_block=None): """ Change the block associated with a slot. This is currently designed to work for TransitionBlocks in PriorityScheduler The assumption is that the slot afterwards is open and that the start time will remain the same. If the block is changed to None, the slot is merged with the slot afterwards to make a longer slot. Parameters ---------- slot_index : int The slot to edit new_block : `~astroplan.scheduling.TransitionBlock`, default None The new transition block to insert in this slot """ if self.slots[slot_index + 1].block: raise IndexError('slot afterwards is full') if new_block is not None: new_end = self.slots[slot_index].start + new_block.duration self.slots[slot_index].end = new_end self.slots[slot_index].block = new_block self.slots[slot_index + 1].start = new_end return slot_index else: self.slots[slot_index + 1].start = self.slots[slot_index].start del self.slots[slot_index] return slot_index - 1
[docs]class Slot(object): """ A time slot consisting of a start and end time """ def __init__(self, start_time, end_time): """ Parameters ----------- start_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The starting time of the slot end_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The ending time of the slot """ self.start = start_time self.end = end_time self.occupied = False self.middle = False self.block = None @property def duration(self): return self.end - self.start
[docs] def split_slot(self, early_time, later_time): """ Split this slot and insert a new one. Will return the new slots created, which can either be one, two or three slots depending on if there is space remaining before or after the inserted slot. Parameters ---------- early_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The start time of the new slot to insert. later_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The end time of the new slot to insert. """ # check if the new slot would overwrite occupied/other slots if self.occupied: raise ValueError('slot is already occupied') new_slot = Slot(early_time, later_time) new_slot.middle = True early_slot = Slot(self.start, early_time) late_slot = Slot(later_time, self.end) if early_time > self.start and later_time < self.end: return [early_slot, new_slot, late_slot] elif early_time > self.start: return [early_slot, new_slot] elif later_time < self.end: return [new_slot, late_slot] else: return [new_slot]
[docs]class Scheduler(object): """ Schedule a set of `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects """ __metaclass__ = ABCMeta @u.quantity_input(gap_time=u.second, time_resolution=u.second) def __init__(self, constraints, observer, transitioner=None, gap_time=5*u.min, time_resolution=20*u.second): """ Parameters ---------- constraints : sequence of `~astroplan.constraints.Constraint` The constraints to apply to *every* observing block. Note that constraints for specific blocks can go on each block individually. observer : `~astroplan.Observer` The observer/site to do the scheduling for. transitioner : `~astroplan.scheduling.Transitioner` (required) The object to use for computing transition times between blocks. Leaving it as ``None`` will cause an error. gap_time : `~astropy.units.Quantity` with time units The maximum length of time a transition between ObservingBlocks could take. time_resolution : `~astropy.units.Quantity` with time units The smallest factor of time used in scheduling, all Blocks scheduled will have a duration that is a multiple of it. """ self.constraints = constraints = observer self.transitioner = transitioner if not isinstance(self.transitioner, Transitioner): raise ValueError("A Transitioner is required") self.gap_time = gap_time self.time_resolution = time_resolution
[docs] def __call__(self, blocks, schedule): """ Schedule a set of `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects. Parameters ---------- blocks : list of `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects The observing blocks to schedule. Note that the input `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects will *not* be modified - new ones will be created and returned. schedule : `~astroplan.scheduling.Schedule` object A schedule that the blocks will be scheduled in. At this time the ``schedule`` must be empty, only defined by a start and end time. Returns ------- schedule : `~astroplan.scheduling.Schedule` A schedule objects which consists of `~astroplan.scheduling.Slot` objects with and without populated ``block`` objects containing either `~astroplan.scheduling.TransitionBlock` or `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects with populated ``start_time`` and ``end_time`` or ``duration`` attributes """ self.schedule = schedule = # these are *shallow* copies copied_blocks = [copy.copy(block) for block in blocks] schedule = self._make_schedule(copied_blocks) return schedule
@abstractmethod def _make_schedule(self, blocks): """ Does the actual business of scheduling. The ``blocks`` passed in should have their ``start_time` and `end_time`` modified to reflect the schedule. Any necessary `~astroplan.scheduling.TransitionBlock` should also be added. Then the full set of blocks should be returned as a list of blocks, along with a boolean indicating whether or not they have been put in order already. Parameters ---------- blocks : list of `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects Can be modified as it is already copied by ``__call__`` Returns ------- schedule : `~astroplan.scheduling.Schedule` A schedule objects which consists of `~astroplan.scheduling.Slot` objects with and without populated ``block`` objects containing either `~astroplan.scheduling.TransitionBlock` or `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` objects with populated ``start_time`` and ``end_time`` or ``duration`` attributes. """ raise NotImplementedError return schedule @classmethod @u.quantity_input(duration=u.second)
[docs] def from_timespan(cls, center_time, duration, **kwargs): """ Create a new instance of this class given a center time and duration. Parameters ---------- center_time : `~astropy.time.Time` Mid-point of time-span to schedule. duration : `~astropy.units.Quantity` or `~astropy.time.TimeDelta` Duration of time-span to schedule """ start_time = center_time - duration / 2. end_time = center_time + duration / 2. return cls(start_time, end_time, **kwargs)
[docs]class SequentialScheduler(Scheduler): """ A scheduler that does "stupid simple sequential scheduling". That is, it simply looks at all the blocks, picks the best one, schedules it, and then moves on. """ def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): super(SequentialScheduler, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs) def _make_schedule(self, blocks): pre_filled = np.array([[block.start_time, block.end_time] for block in self.schedule.scheduled_blocks]) if len(pre_filled) == 0: a = self.schedule.start_time filled_times = Time([a - 1*u.hour, a - 1*u.hour, a - 1*u.minute, a - 1*u.minute]) pre_filled = filled_times.reshape((2, 2)) else: filled_times = Time(pre_filled.flatten()) pre_filled = filled_times.reshape((int(len(filled_times)/2), 2)) for b in blocks: if b.constraints is None: b._all_constraints = self.constraints else: b._all_constraints = self.constraints + b.constraints # to make sure the scheduler has some constraint to work off of # and to prevent scheduling of targets below the horizon # TODO : change default constraints to [] and switch to append if b._all_constraints is None: b._all_constraints = [AltitudeConstraint(min=0 * u.deg)] b.constraints = [AltitudeConstraint(min=0 * u.deg)] elif not any(isinstance(c, AltitudeConstraint) for c in b._all_constraints): b._all_constraints.append(AltitudeConstraint(min=0 * u.deg)) if b.constraints is None: b.constraints = [AltitudeConstraint(min=0 * u.deg)] else: b.constraints.append(AltitudeConstraint(min=0 * u.deg)) b._duration_offsets = u.Quantity([0*u.second, b.duration/2, b.duration]) = current_time = self.schedule.start_time while (len(blocks) > 0) and (current_time < self.schedule.end_time): # first compute the value of all the constraints for each block # given the current starting time block_transitions = [] block_constraint_results = [] for b in blocks: # first figure out the transition if len(self.schedule.observing_blocks) > 0: trans = self.transitioner( self.schedule.observing_blocks[-1], b, current_time, else: trans = None block_transitions.append(trans) transition_time = 0*u.second if trans is None else trans.duration times = current_time + transition_time + b._duration_offsets # make sure it isn't in a pre-filled slot if (any((current_time < filled_times) & (filled_times < times[2])) or any(abs(pre_filled.T[0]-current_time) < 1*u.second)): block_constraint_results.append(0) else: constraint_res = [] for constraint in b._all_constraints: constraint_res.append(constraint(,, times)) # take the product over all the constraints *and* times block_constraint_results.append( # now identify the block that's the best bestblock_idx = np.argmax(block_constraint_results) if block_constraint_results[bestblock_idx] == 0.: # if even the best is unobservable, we need a gap current_time += self.gap_time else: # If there's a best one that's observable, first get its transition trans = block_transitions.pop(bestblock_idx) if trans is not None: self.schedule.insert_slot(trans.start_time, trans) current_time += trans.duration # now assign the block itself times and add it to the schedule newb = blocks.pop(bestblock_idx) newb.start_time = current_time current_time += newb.duration newb.end_time = current_time newb.constraints_value = block_constraint_results[bestblock_idx] self.schedule.insert_slot(newb.start_time, newb) return self.schedule
[docs]class PriorityScheduler(Scheduler): """ A scheduler that optimizes a prioritized list. That is, it finds the best time for each ObservingBlock, in order of priority. """ def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): """ """ super(PriorityScheduler, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs) def _get_filled_indices(self, times): is_open_time = np.ones(len(times), bool) # close times that are already filled pre_filled = np.array([[block.start_time, block.end_time] for block in self.schedule.scheduled_blocks if isinstance(block, ObservingBlock)]) for start_end in pre_filled: filled = np.where((start_end[0] < times) & (times < start_end[1])) if len(filled[0]) > 0: is_open_time[filled[0]] = False is_open_time[min(filled[0]) - 1] = False return is_open_time def _make_schedule(self, blocks): # Combine individual constraints with global constraints, and # retrieve priorities from each block to define scheduling order _all_times = [] _block_priorities = np.zeros(len(blocks)) # make sure we don't schedule below the horizon if self.constraints is None: self.constraints = [AltitudeConstraint(min=0 * u.deg)] else: self.constraints.append(AltitudeConstraint(min=0 * u.deg)) for i, b in enumerate(blocks): b._duration_offsets = u.Quantity([0 * u.second, b.duration / 2, b.duration]) _block_priorities[i] = b.priority _all_times.append(b.duration) = # Define a master schedule # Generate grid of time slots, and a mask for previous observations time_resolution = self.time_resolution times = time_grid_from_range([self.schedule.start_time, self.schedule.end_time], time_resolution=time_resolution) # generate the score arrays for all of the blocks scorer = Scorer(blocks,, self.schedule, global_constraints=self.constraints) score_array = scorer.create_score_array(time_resolution) # Sort the list of blocks by priority sorted_indices = np.argsort(_block_priorities) unscheduled_blocks = [] # Compute the optimal observation time in priority order for i in sorted_indices: b = blocks[i] # Compute possible observing times by combining object constraints # with the master open times mask constraint_scores = score_array[i] # Add up the applied constraints to prioritize the best blocks # And then remove any times that are already scheduled is_open_time = self._get_filled_indices(times) constraint_scores[~is_open_time] = 0 # Select the most optimal time # calculate the number of time slots needed for this exposure _stride_by = / time_resolution))) # Stride the score arrays by that number _strided_scores = stride_array(constraint_scores, _stride_by) # Collapse the sub-arrays # (run them through scorekeeper again? Just add them? # If there's a zero anywhere in there, def. have to skip) good = np.all(_strided_scores > 1e-5, axis=1) sum_scores = np.zeros(len(_strided_scores)) sum_scores[good] = np.sum(_strided_scores[good], axis=1) if np.all(constraint_scores == 0) or np.all(~good): # No further calculation if no times meet the constraints _is_scheduled = False else: # schedulable in principle, provided the transition # does not prevent us from fitting it in. # loop over valid times and see if it fits # TODO: speed up by searching multiples of time resolution? for idx in np.argsort(sum_scores)[::-1]: if sum_scores[idx] <= 0.0: # we've run through all optimal blocks _is_scheduled = False break try: start_time_idx = idx new_start_time = times[start_time_idx] # attempt to schedule block _is_scheduled = self.attempt_insert_block(b, new_start_time, start_time_idx) if _is_scheduled: break except IndexError: # idx can extend past end of _strided_open_time _is_scheduled = False break if not _is_scheduled: unscheduled_blocks.append(b) return self.schedule
[docs] def attempt_insert_block(self, b, new_start_time, start_time_idx): # set duration to be exact multiple of time resolution duration_indices = float(b.duration / self.time_resolution))) b.duration = duration_indices * self.time_resolution # add 1 second to the start time to allow for scheduling at the start of a slot slot_index = [q for q, slot in enumerate(self.schedule.slots) if slot.start < new_start_time + 1*u.second < slot.end][0] slots_before = self.schedule.slots[:slot_index] slots_after = self.schedule.slots[slot_index + 1:] # now check if there's a transition block where we want to go # if so, we delete it. A new one will be added if needed delete_this_block_first = False if self.schedule.slots[slot_index].block: if isinstance(self.schedule.slots[slot_index].block, ObservingBlock): raise ValueError('block already occupied') else: delete_this_block_first = True # no slots yet, so we should be fine to just shove this in if not (slots_before or slots_after): b.end_idx = start_time_idx + duration_indices b.start_idx = start_time_idx if b.constraints is None: b.constraints = self.constraints elif self.constraints is not None: b.constraints = b.constraints + self.constraints try: self.schedule.insert_slot(new_start_time, b) return True except ValueError as error: # this shouldn't ever happen print('Failed to insert {} into schedule.\n{}'.format(, str(error) )) return False # Other slots exist, so now we have to see if it will fit # if slots before or after, we need `TransitionBlock`s tb_before = None tb_before_already_exists = False tb_after = None if slots_before: if isinstance( self.schedule.slots[slot_index - 1].block, ObservingBlock): # make a transitionblock tb_before = self.transitioner( self.schedule.slots[slot_index - 1].block, b, self.schedule.slots[slot_index - 1].end, elif isinstance(self.schedule.slots[slot_index - 1].block, TransitionBlock): tb_before = self.transitioner( self.schedule.slots[slot_index - 2].block, b, self.schedule.slots[slot_index - 2].end, tb_before_already_exists = True if slots_after: slot_offset = 2 if delete_this_block_first else 1 if isinstance( self.schedule.slots[slot_index + slot_offset].block, ObservingBlock): # make a transition object after the new ObservingBlock tb_after = self.transitioner( b, self.schedule.slots[slot_index + slot_offset].block, new_start_time + b.duration, # tweak durations to exact multiple of time resolution for block in (tb_before, tb_after): if block is not None: block.duration = self.time_resolution * np.ceil(float(block.duration / self.time_resolution)) ) # if we want to shift the OBs to minimise gaps, here is # where we should do it. # Find the smallest shift (forward or backward) to close gap # Check against tolerances (constraints must still be met) # Shift if OK and update new_start_time and start_time_idx # Now let's see if the block and transition can fit in the schedule if slots_before: # we're OK if the index at the end of the updated transition # is less than or equal to `start_time_idx` ob_offset = 2 if tb_before_already_exists else 1 previous_ob = self.schedule.slots[slot_index - ob_offset] if tb_before: transition_indices = / self.time_resolution) else: transition_indices = 0 if start_time_idx < previous_ob.block.end_idx + transition_indices: # cannot schedule return False if slots_after: # we're OK if the index at end of OB (plus transition) # is smaller than the start_index of the slot after slot_offset = 2 if delete_this_block_first else 1 next_ob = self.schedule.slots[slot_index + slot_offset].block end_idx = start_time_idx + duration_indices if tb_after: end_idx += if end_idx >= next_ob.start_idx: # cannot schedule return False # OK, we should be OK to schedule now! try: # delete this block if it's a TransitionBlock if delete_this_block_first: slot_index = self.schedule.change_slot_block(slot_index, new_block=None) if tb_before and tb_before_already_exists: self.schedule.change_slot_block(slot_index - 1, new_block=tb_before) elif tb_before: self.schedule.insert_slot(tb_before.start_time, tb_before) elif tb_before_already_exists and not tb_before: # we already have a TB here, but we no longer need it! self.schedule.change_slot_block(slot_index-1, new_block=None) b.end_idx = start_time_idx + duration_indices b.start_idx = start_time_idx if b.constraints is None: b.constraints = self.constraints elif self.constraints is not None: b.constraints = b.constraints + self.constraints self.schedule.insert_slot(new_start_time, b) if tb_after: self.schedule.insert_slot(tb_after.start_time, tb_after) except ValueError as error: # this shouldn't ever happen print('Failed to insert {} (dur: {}) into schedule.\n{}\n{}'.format(, b.duration, new_start_time.iso, str(error) )) return False return True
[docs]class Transitioner(object): """ A class that defines how to compute transition times from one block to another. """ u.quantity_input(slew_rate=u.deg/u.second) def __init__(self, slew_rate=None, instrument_reconfig_times=None): """ Parameters ---------- slew_rate : `~astropy.units.Quantity` with angle/time units The slew rate of the telescope instrument_reconfig_times : dict of dicts or None If not None, gives a mapping from property names to another dictionary. The second dictionary maps 2-tuples of states to the time it takes to transition between those states (as an `~astropy.units.Quantity`), can also take a 'default' key mapped to a default transition time. """ self.slew_rate = slew_rate self.instrument_reconfig_times = instrument_reconfig_times
[docs] def __call__(self, oldblock, newblock, start_time, observer): """ Determines the amount of time needed to transition from one observing block to another. This uses the parameters defined in ``self.instrument_reconfig_times``. Parameters ---------- oldblock : `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` or None The initial configuration/target newblock : `~astroplan.scheduling.ObservingBlock` or None The new configuration/target to transition to start_time : `~astropy.time.Time` The time the transition should start observer : `astroplan.Observer` The observer at the time Returns ------- transition : `~astroplan.scheduling.TransitionBlock` or None A transition to get from ``oldblock`` to ``newblock`` or `None` if no transition is necessary """ components = {} if (self.slew_rate is not None and (oldblock is not None) and (newblock is not None)): # use the constraints cache for now, but should move that machinery # to observer from .constraints import _get_altaz from .target import get_skycoord if != from .target import get_skycoord targets = get_skycoord([,]) aaz = _get_altaz(start_time, observer, targets)['altaz'] sep = aaz[0].separation(aaz[1]) if sep/self.slew_rate > 1 * u.second: components['slew_time'] = sep / self.slew_rate if self.instrument_reconfig_times is not None: components.update(self.compute_instrument_transitions(oldblock, newblock)) if components: return TransitionBlock(components, start_time) else: return None
[docs] def compute_instrument_transitions(self, oldblock, newblock): components = {} for conf_name, old_conf in oldblock.configuration.items(): if conf_name in newblock.configuration: conf_times = self.instrument_reconfig_times.get(conf_name, None) if conf_times is not None: new_conf = newblock.configuration[conf_name] ctime = conf_times.get((old_conf, new_conf), None) def_time = conf_times.get('default', None) if ctime is not None: s = '{0}:{1} to {2}'.format(conf_name, old_conf, new_conf) components[s] = ctime elif def_time is not None and not old_conf == new_conf: s = '{0}:{1} to {2}'.format(conf_name, old_conf, new_conf) components[s] = def_time return components